High-efficiency method for atomic-scale mapping of magnetic nanostructures
Scientists at the University of Hamburg have invented a new experimental method for high-contrast imaging of atomic spin structures. The study appeared in the journal Science Advances this week.
The development of spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy (SP-STM) in the 1990s has revolutionized the field of magnetic nanostructures, giving access to local spin textures on the atomic scale. The maximum contrast achievable by this technique is limited by the magnetic polarization of the microscope’s tip that is scanned across a given sample of interest. Physicists from Hamburg have now introduced a method to measure spin-contrast with maximal efficiency. This is enabled by the use of magnetic iron atoms attached to STM tips covered with superconducting Niobium. Such magnetic impurities disturb the superconductor and locally induce bound states, which are 100% spin-polarized. Tunneling through these states gives a perfectly spin-polarized current, which can be exploited to read out spin-textures of a sample down to the scale of single atoms. In this way, spin-contrast of STM tips can be enhanced by as much as one order of magnitude, as it is measured on Manganese nanomagnets located on a Niobium(110) surface. Accessing this kind of spin-information will be crucial for advancing nano-scale spintronics and can help revealing the exciting physics of exotic states in hybrid magnet-superconductor nanostructures.
Figure: Sketch of an STM tip terminated with an YSR atom exhibiting two spin-polarized peaks (up and down arrows) and three-dimensional rendered view of a scanning tunneling microscopy image showing five antiferromagnetically coupled Mn atoms on a Nb(110) surface. Tunneling spectroscopy reveals a significant change in the YSR state’s asymmetry when tunneling into the respective up and down spin-polarized atoms, as represented by the red and blue lines above the atoms.
L. Schneider, Ph. Beck, J. Wiebe and R. Wiesendanger,
Atomic-scale spin-polarization maps using functionalized superconducting probes,
Science Advances 7, eabd7302 (2021).
Prof. Dr. Prof. h.c. Dr. h.c. Roland Wiesendanger
Department of Physics
University of Hamburg
Phone: 040 / 42838-5244